“Never give up. Keep your thoughts and your mind always on the goal.” —Tom Bradley
The Tom Bradley Wing of the Central Library is a fitting tribute to the enlightened man who presided over Los Angeles for five terms as mayor. During his long tenure, he both inspired and executed amazing growth. As we celebrate the 25th anniversary of the wing named in his honor, a major question one may ask is, why was Tom J. Bradley so important to the Central Library?
Who was Tom Bradley?
Bradley was born December 29, 1917, to Lee and Crenner Bradley, once sharecroppers living in a small log cabin in Texas. They moved to Arizona where Bradley, as a young boy, picked cotton along with his parents. While on the campaign trail decades later, in California’s Central Valley cotton fields, Bradley said, “That [experience] was enough. I could never fill that 25-pound bag.”
The family moved again, in 1924, to Los Angeles, near Temple and Alvarado streets, when there were now five children: Lawrence, Tom, Willa Mae, Ellis who was diagnosed with cerebral palsy at a young age, and Howard. Bradley excelled in school with the support of his family. He attended Polytechnic High School where he was recruited to attend due to of his athletic abilities in track and football. These early successes in his academic career propelled the studious Bradley to consider leadership as a personal goal. He earned an athletic scholarship to UCLA in 1937 where he excelled once again, but by Bradley’s junior year at UCLA, he felt the pull of public service and took the entrance exam for the Los Angeles Police Department. Placed near the top of the examinees [earning a 97], he left college to enter the department academy in 1940.
The Path to Politics
His effectiveness in bringing groups together while a police officer led to his next goal: serving on the Los Angeles City Council. He applied for the 10th District seat in June 1961 while still a police lieutenant, losing to Joe E. Hollingsworth. He ran against Hollingsworth three years later in April 1963, winning not one but two elections, one for the unexpired term left by City Controller Charles Navarro, and the other for a full four-year term. Bradley was sworn in as a City Councilman, the first African American to do so, on April 15, 1963.
In 1969, he ran for mayor against the incumbent Sam Yorty, but lost. Most political pundits agree it was because of an egregiously racist campaign waged by Yorty. Undaunted, Bradley ran again in 1973 and won. He had his sights set on redevelopment and making LA an international city/hub. With the passage of the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) 1974 redevelopment plan, places like the Bunker Hill financial district, the Warner Center, and Century City were developed to what it looks like today. Other projects include the construction of Los Angeles’ light rail network and expansion of the Los Angeles International Airport which would later bear Bradley’s name with its completion in 1984. That year was a highlight on another level, as Bradley was the key to bringing the 1984 Summer Olympic Games to Los Angeles.
Bradley’s Library Love
Bradley spent just as much time planning and developing, as he did to establish human relations commissions in the city. He supported various ethnic and special interest groups with a focus on education and connecting Angelenos together.
None of his efforts were as far-reaching as his redevelopment plans for DTLA. He encouraged the inclusion of historic buildings in the development push and played a vital role in evaluating and preparing historic buildings in the event of emergencies like earthquake or fire. As the driving force in establishing a fire safety plan for the Central library in 1978, he worked with the Los Angeles City Fire Department (LAPD) to install fire alarms in 1980-1981, and created emergency first response drills and practices. Bradley’s foresight led to the swift and successful response to the first of two arson fires at the library on April 29, 1986, with no casualties among the 750 people involved at the scene, including patrons, employees, and firefighters.
Bradley’s strategic vision for the library brought together developer Robert F. Maguire III, ARCO CEO Robert O. Anderson, and City Council’s Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA). He spearheaded the financing plan for the library which included the utilization of investment tax credits and tax allocation bonds, however, the most creative solutions proposed by the team of Maguire, Anderson, Bradley and the CRA was the sale of unused air rights (the vacant space from the top of the building to the maximum allowable building height on the site) of the Library.
Maguire Thomas Partners subsequently purchased the library’s air rights for $125 million, almost the entire amount needed for the library’s expansion at $152 million. Under the terms of the agreement among the city, CRA, and the library commission, created after five years of complex negotiations led by Bradley, the deal to “transfer” the unused space was signed in January of 1985. Thanks to the creativity, persistence, and negotiation skills of Bradley and the other principals, the library’s renovation and expansion began. The east addition of the library was named for the man with the “creative air rights plan”.
After Bradley’s last term expired, he retired only to endure several years of health complications. He died at the age of 80 and was buried in Inglewood Park Cemetery.
Carrying on the Mission for Change
Like Mayor Tom Bradley, the Los Angeles Public Library is a force for change, echoing his mission of improving the lives of all in the city. We provide free and easy access to information, ideas, books and technology that enrich, educate and empower every individual in our city’s diverse communities. Visit us today!
Afro-Americans/Blacks are victims of DERACINATION “forced Displacement” is taking place in the City of Los Angeles. REMOVAL OF PEOPLE FROM ONE AREA TO ANOTHER IS A CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY”
Forced displacement or forced immigration is the coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region and it often connotes violent coercion. Someone who has experienced forced displacement is a “forced immigrant”, a “displaced person” (DP), rarely also a “displacee”, or if it is within the same country, an internally displaced person (IDP). In some cases the forced immigrant can also become a refugee, as that term has a specific legal definition. A specific form of forced displacement is population transfer, which is a coherent policy to move unwanted groups, for example, as an attempt at ethnic cleansing. Another form is deportation.
Addie M. Miller, believes it is a total disgrace and a “terrible dishonor” to the United States of America and the people, when Walt Disney Co.-ABC Holding Co. that owns television network KABC-7 and Owners NBC Universal NBC and NBC4LA television network, that purposely denied the voters to hear and see who were ‘actually the certified official candidates for Mayor of the City of Los Angeles’ on their televised held in Los Angeles, CA for 2013 primary election.
Yet, the Republican presidential primary debate hosted by Fox News at 5 p.m. on Aug. 6, 2015 in Cleveland, Ohio all 20 GOP presidental candidates were allowed to participate.
Fox News executive Michael Clemente has sincerely practice democracy, by allowing all 20 GOP presidential candidates be heard and to participate in the debate, that was aired Thur., August 6, 2015. He was very respectful to the Voters of the United States. Michael Clemente divided the debates into two.
The announcement by Fox News executive Michael Clemente means low-polling candidates who might not make the 1% level.
Fox News is gifted to have an executive who my no means wants manipulate the voters. Thank you Mr. Michael Clemente.
It is a disgrace and a “terrible dishonor” to the United States of America and the people, when Walt Disney Co.-ABC Holding Co. that owns television network KABC7 and Owners NBC Universal NBC and NBC4LA television network, that purposely denied the voters to hear who were actually candidates on their televised in Los Angeles, CA for 2013 election.
Over 50 years ABC and NBC has been manipulating the voters and having the power to choose who ABC and NBC want to win and be heard. In my opinion and research ABC and NBC television networks has over thrown the government with this unlawful and treason practice
Sometimes, I wonder do these JUDGES have interest or/stock in ABC and NBC, whereas the Judges allowed these corporations “ABC and NBC” to violate the People of the United States.
Isn’t it a conflict of interest for a Judge to decide a case against a corporation, if the Judge has or had personal/financial dealings with the corporation(s)?
Mr. Michael Clemente please continue to honor the people will, thank you again. May GOD continue to bless you.
Sincerely from, Addie M. Miller
The following is a transcript of the Republican presidential primary debate hosted by Fox News at 5 p.m. on Aug. 6, 2015 in Cleveland, Ohio.
1 Jeb Bush
2 Mike Huckabee
3 Scott Walker
4 Ted Cruz
5 Ben Carson
6 Rand Paul
8 Donald Trump
9 Chris Christie
10 John Kasich
Source: Real Clear Politics
Note: Numbers as of Aug 4, 2015. *Change in ranking from previous week
FORMER GOV. RICK PERRY, R-TEXAS
FORMER SEN. RICK SANTORUM, R-PA.
SEN. LINDSEY GRAHAM, R-S.C.
GOV. BOBBY JINDAL, R-LA.
FORMER GOV. JIM GILMORE, R-GA.
FORMER GOV. GEORGE PATAKI, R-N.Y.
I Addie M. Miller send my condolences are given to the family of the 3 people.
Words to the wise “be careful of people nowadays“, you never know if a a person is criminal minded or has a history of hurting people.
When you meet new people Watch and Pray. So much is going on in these days and times. I always PUT ON THE WHOLE ARMOR OF GOD for divine protection.
Ephesians 6:11-18 King James Version (KJV)
11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
Also thank you CBSLOCAL for reporting this terrible crime by a criminal minded person.
Also thank you L.A.P.D. Southwest Community Police Station. This happen in my own native hometown.
*The following is for your information and how to prepare and not to forget to prepare for an earthquake in our immediate surroundings.
Robert S. Yeats Professor in Earthquake Geology and Active Tectonics. … A strong advocate for the public communication of science, Yeats has published two practical guides on earthquakes, Living with Earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest and Living with Earthquakes in California.
OSU Foundation – Robert S. Yeats Professor in Earthquake Geology …
This fault could bring an earthquake worse than ‘The Big One’
The Puente Hills fault, which scientists believe could be responsible for Friday’s 5.1 earthquake in La Habra, is considered very dangerous.
Here are some basic questions about the fault.
Q: What would be the difference in shaking between a 5.1 quake and a truly huge quake?
Friday night’s earthquake was caused by the underground fault slipping for half a second, said U.S. Geological Survey seismologist Lucy Jones, prompting about 10 seconds of shaking at the surface.
But a 7.5 quake on the Puente Hills fault could cause the fault to slip for 20 seconds — and the shaking could last far longer.
Scientists say that quake would be more destructive than the so-called Big One on the San Andreas fault.
Q: Why are scientists so worried about the fault?
The Puente Hills thrust fault is so dangerous because of its location, running from the suburbs of northern Orange County, through the San Gabriel Valley and under the skyscrapers of downtown Los Angeles before ending in Hollywood.
2 Big Faults Found Deep Under Los Angeles
By SANDRA BLAKESLEE, Special to the New York Times
Published: Dec. 6, 1988
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 5— In a finding that may unsettle the nerves of millions of Southern Californians, geologists have discovered two major faults deep below some of the most densely developed parts of the Los Angeles metropolitan area.
The area affected includes the downtown section, the Wilshire Boulevard corridor, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica and a complex of oil refineries and power utilities near the Pacific Ocean.
The discovery, along with the gradual realization among geologists that as many as half of all the faults in the Los Angeles area may lie deep underground and have yet to be discovered, presumably doubles the risk that a devastating earthquake will eventually occur in the metropolitan area, said Don Anderson, director of the seismology laboratory at the California Insitute of Technology. But scientists do not know enough about these faults to calculate the actual risk.
State disaster officials, who have been aware of the new findings for months, said that in their planning they had long anticipated the possibility of such an event. They said Los Angeles residents should not be unduly alarmed by the discovery of the faults. Report to Be Given Today
Unlike the region’s previously known faults, which produce visible features on the earth’s surface, the new faults are ”in the basement” and have no such features at ground level, said Dr. Egill Hauksson, a research assistant professor of geophysics at the University of Southern California.
Dr. Hauksson is scheduled to give a report Tuesday describing the faults, which are 6 to 10 miles beneath the streets of Los Angeles, at a session of the American Geophysical Union’s annual meeting in San Francisco.
This is the ”first evidence that there are major buried faults beneath L.A.,” Dr. Hauksson said in a interview. ”Before we had one big fault locally, the Newport-Inglewood fault, and now we have three.”
The San Andreas fault, estimated to have a 60 percent probability of generating a catastrophic earthquake in Southern California within the next 30 years, lies 30 or more miles north and east of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The San Andreas, which is much larger than the various faults in the immediate Los Angeles area, is believed capable of producing a much more powerful earthquake.
Scientists believe the newly discovered faults will cause serious earthquakes much less frequently than the San Andreas fault. Emergency Teams Are Ready
Dr. Richard Andrews, deputy director of the Governor’s Office of Emergency Services, who is responsible for overseeing earthquake planning in Southern California, said residents of the Los Angeles area should not worry that officials were unprepared to cope with potential dangers from the new faults. For several years now, he said, disaster preparedness officials have assumed that unknown faults capable of generating moderately severe earthquakes could exist anywhere in Los Angeles. Firefighters, police officers and medical response teams are ready for such an event, he added.
Nevertheless, in earlier written reports on seismic hazards, Dr. Andrews and others have noted that faults lying close to densely populated areas posed special risks. They have warned, for example, that a rupture of the Newport-Inglewood fault, a 40-mile surface fracture running through many populated neighborhoods, could rupture gas lines and lead to a firestorm that might kill and injure more people than would a larger earthquake on the more distant San Andreas fault.
In an interview last week, Dr. Hauksson said he began to track down the new faults in the aftermath of an earthquake that struck the town of Whittier, just east of downtown Los Angeles, on Oct. 1, 1987. The quake registered 5.9 on the Richter scale of energy released and ground motion. To everyone’s surprise, he said, the epicenter was nine miles beneath Whittier on a previously unknown fault that has turned out to be a small segment of a long underground fault extending beneath Los Angeles.
The Whittier earthquake and its aftershocks killed 8 people, injured 200 and caused an estimated $358 million in damage. Two Major Types of Faults
There are two major types of earthquake faults, Dr. Hauksson said. Strike-slip faults occur when large sections of the earth’s crust, called plates, scrape past one another in opposite directions horizontally. The San Andreas fault, which runs the length of California, is a strike-slip fault.
The two newly discovered faults are thrust faults, in which slabs of compressed rock move vertically past one another. The thrust faults tend to be smaller than strike-slip faults and often release less energy.
Because thrust faults move more slowly than strike-slip faults, Dr. Hauksson said, the interval between large earthquakes on them should be 500 to 1,000 years. The San Andreas fault, by comparison, generates large earthquakes on the average of every 160 years. Unfortunately, the historical record of Los Angeles earthquakes did not begin until the early 1800’s, he said, so it is impossible to predict when segments of the newly found thrust faults will rupture.
To look for the postulated fault, Dr. Hauksson examined seismic data from more than 200 small earthquakes, ranging from 2.5 to 4.0 on the Richter scale, that occurred in the Los Angeles area in the last 10 years.
The magnitude of earthquakes is measured on the Richter scale, on which every increase of one number represents a a tenfold increase in ground motion and a thirtyfold increase in energy released. Quakes that measure 5.0 on the Richter scale are strong enough to cause local damage, at 6.0 severe damage and at 7.0 widepread heavy damage. An earthquake with a magnitude of 8.0 is catastrophic. Different Patterns Produced
Thrust and strike-slip faults produce different patterns, Dr. Hauksson said. Using a geological technique called fault plane solution, he soon inferred the configuration of not one but two ”new” thrust faults.
One, named the Elysian fault, begins in Corona, east of Los Angeles. Its 60-mile route runs under Whittier, where the first segment was detected last year, under Dodger Stadium, beneath downtown high-rise buildings, out under Wilshire Boulevard and into Santa Monica Bay.
The second newly discovered thrust fault, named the Wilmington-Torrance fault, runs 40 miles from Newport Beach, under the oil fields at Wilmington, under Long Beach and San Pedro, beneath Palos Verdes and Torrance and out into Santa Monica Bay, Dr. Hauksson said.
The Elysian fault is fragmented into five segments, he said, and the Wilmington-Torrance fault into three segments.
The 10-year data base indicates that the two faults are active, Dr. Hauksson said. The largest segments, including one that runs from Whittier to downtown Los Angeles and out to Beverly Hills and Baldwin Hills, should be able to generate an earthquake with a magnitude of up to 6.8, he said map of faults running through Los Angeles (pg. D27)
TOM BRADLEY 38th Mayor of Los Angeles, serving from 1973 to 1993. He was my mentor, advisor and friend.
Addie M. Miller was a Scout for Mayor Tom Bradley for the betterment of City of Los Angeles.
(5). an act or instance of reconnoitering, inspecting, observing, etc.
Now the City of Los Angeles is filthy, polluted, massive crack sidewalks, pot holes throughout the city of Los Angeles “until if you drive a vehicle you may have to get the shock on your vehicle repair regularly”, cover up of contaminated soil with clean soil then the contaminated soil comes back after a rain.
Before Tom Bradley became the 38th MAYOR of the City of Los Angeles, he was a Police Officer for the Los Angeles Police Department and he was known for Walking and strolling through the streets of Los Angeles
During his service as a Police Officer he personally seen the turmoil and what the City was in need of. That’s when he decided to become Mayor and the Chief Executive Officer of Los Angeles and make Los Angeles a WORLD Class City.
In my opinion Tom Bradley was not a lavish person dressing in a suit a tie everyday and driving stylish automobiles.
Tom Bradley was a grass root public servant and seen what the City of Los Angeles needed. Maybe that is why the Airport is name after him. Police officers sees all and knows the people in the City. Tom Bradley patroled the City of Los Angeles walking when he was a Police Officer for the LAPD!!
3 Years Ago
Addie M. Miller
July 17, 2014 ·
Mayor Tom Bradley, was my Mentor, Advisor and Friend. His advise to me, “Give the people of all Cultures their needs for a better Whole Class City.
Addie M. Miller TOM BRADLEY 38th Mayor of Los Angeles, serving from 1973 to 1993. He was my mentor, advisor and friend. I worked with Mayor Tom Bradley for the betterment of Los Angeles.
Now the City of Los Angeles is filthy, polluted, massive crack sidewalks, pot holes…See More